Embelia Ribes Burm also known as False Black pepper, is a large woody tropical forest scandent shrub with slender branches and gland-dotted leaves. Stems are whitish-grey and roots are brownish-grey with hairy reddish roots. Fruits are small, smooth and succulent which encompasses reddish seeds that run slightly black. It is considered to be carminative, digestive, laxative and useful for treating pneumonia and dropsy. Dried fruits are used to prepare medicines and used as anti-carminative, anti-helminthic, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-astringent and anti-diuretic.
False Black pepper is the red-listed climbing shrub found in semi-evergreen to evergreen forests of India, Malaysia, Sri Lanka and China. It is available in moist deciduous forests of Western Ghats of South India, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and Assam. The fruits are used in various Ayurvedic formulations. Traditionally, it is used as an analgesic, antibacterial, antipyretic, anthelmintic and antifertility in various parts of India. The traditional medicine formed from this herb varies from region to region. Timely harvesting and ripening is an important factor for the potency of this herb.